This list follows the IOC classification

If you want to see the official British List please go to the BOU website.

The BOU are to adopt the IOC classification from 2018; this list anticipates the change and follows IOC order as well as taxonomy. Details of the changes are described on the Notes and Pending page.

Great care has been applied in assembling the data below and it will be maintained and updated in a timely fashion. If you find an error please let

Neil Pinder know about it.

It is adapted from Gill, F & D Donsker (Eds). 2017. IOC World Bird List (v 7.2). doi : 10.14344/IOC.ML.7.2.

The categories A,B,C are explained on The BOU page.

M Monospecific

RBBP Rare Breeding Birds Panel

(a) Rare Breeding Birds in the UK - Regular Breeders

(b) Rare Breeding Birds in the UK - Occasional Breeders

(c) Rare Breeding Birds in the UK - Colonising Breeders

(d) Rare Breeding Birds in the UK - Potential Breeders

(e) Rare Non-native Breeding Birds in the UK - Regular Breeders

(f) Rare Non-native Breeding Birds in the UK - Occasional Breeders

(g) Rare Non-native Breeding Birds in the UK - Potential Breeders


RB = Resident Breeder

MB = Migrant Breeder

NB = Naturalised Breeder

CB = Casual Breeder

FB = Former Breeder

HB = Hybrid Breeder

WM = Winter Migrant

PM = Passage Migrant

SM = Scarce Migrant

V = Vagrant

English Name Scientific name Subspecies A B C D E RBBP Status International Name
“Pale-bellied” Brent Goose Branta bernicla bernicla A WM
“Black Brant” nigricans SM Brant Goose
“Dark-bellied” Brent Goose hrota E WM
Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis M A E* f V
Canada Goose Branta canadensis canadensis A C2 E* NB
“Todd's” Canada Goose interior? V
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis M A C2 E* WM
Lesser Canada Goose Branta hutchinsii hutchinsii? A E V Cackling Goose
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens caerulescens A C2 E* e SM
atlanticus SM
Greylag Goose Anser anser anser A C2, C4 E* RB, NB, WM
Taiga Bean Goose Anser fabalis fabalis A E f WM
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus M A E* b, f CB, WM
Tundra Bean Goose Anser serrirostris rossicus A f WM
White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons albifrons A WM Greater White-fronted Goose
flavirostris E* f WM
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus M A E* g V
Mute Swan Cygnus olor M A C2 RB
Bewick's Swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii A E d WM Tundra Swan
“Whistling Swan” columbianus V
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus M A E* a, e RB, WM
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca M C1 E* NB
Shelduck Tadorna tadorna M A MB, RB, WM Common Shelduck
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea M B D E* e V
Mandarin Duck Aix galericulata M C1 E* NB
Gadwall Mareca strepera strepera A C2 NB, RB, MB, WM
Wigeon Mareca penelope M A E* a RB, WM Eurasian Wigeon
American Wigeon Mareca americana M A E* SM
Black Duck Anas rubripes M A b V, HB American Black Duck
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos A C2, C4 E* RB, NB, FB, HB, WM
Blue-winged Teal Spatula discors M A d, f V, HB
Shoveler Spatula clypeata M A a MB, HB, WM, PM Northern Shoveler
Pintail Anas acuta M A E a RB or MB, WM Northern Pintail
Garganey Spatula querquedula M A a MB, PM
Baikal Teal Sibirionetta formosa M A E V
Teal Anas crecca crecca A RB, WM, PM Eurasian Teal
Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis A d SM
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina A C2 E* e NB, SM
Canvasback Aythya valisineria M A E V
Redhead Aythya americana M A E V
Pochard Aythya ferina M A E* a MB or RB, WM, PM Common Pochard
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca M A E b SM
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris M A E b SM
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula M A RB, WM, PM
Scaup Aythya marila marila A b CB, WM, PM Greater Scaup
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis M A d V
Steller’s Eider Polysticta stelleri M A V
King Eider Somateria spectabilis M A d V
Eider Somateria mollissima mollissima A RB, WM
Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus M A V
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata M A SM
Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca M A d WM, PM
White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi deglandi A V
Common Scoter Melanitta nigra M A a RB or MB, WM, PM
Black Scoter Melanitta americana M A V
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis M A d CB, WM
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola M A E V
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula clangula A E* a, e RB, WM, PM Common Goldeneye
Barrow’s Goldeneye Bucephala islandica M A E V
Smew Mergellus albellus M A d WM
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus M A E V
Goosander Mergus merganser merganser A RB, WM Common Merganser
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator M A RB, WM
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis jamaicensis C1 E* e NB
Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus urogalus C3* a FB, NB Western Capercaillie
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix M A E RB
Ptarmigan Lagopus muta millaisi A RB Rock Ptarmigan
Red Grouse Lagopus lagopus scotica A RB Willow Ptarmigan
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa rufa C1 E* NB
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix perdix A C2 E* RB, NB
Quail Coturnix coturnix coturnix A E* a MB
Pheasant Phasianus colchicus colchicus C1 E* NB
torquatus NB
mongolicus NB
principalis NB
pallasi NB
satschuensis NB
Golden Pheasant Chrysolophus pictus M C1 E* e NB
Lady Amherst’s Pheasant Chrysolophus amherstiae M C6 E* e NB
Red-throated Diver Gavia stellata M A a MB, RB, WM, PM Red-throated Loon
Black-throated Diver Gavia arctica arctica A a MB or RB, WM Black-throated Loon
Pacific Diver Gavia pacifica M A V Pacific Loon
Great Northern Diver Gavia immer M A d CB, WM Common Loon
White-billed Diver Gavia adamsii M A d SM Yellow-billed Loon
Wilson’s Petrel Oceanites oceanicus Not Determined. A SM Wilson's Storm Petrel
Frigate Petrel Pelagodroma marina hypoleuca B V White-faced Storm Petrel
Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris melanophris A d V
Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos chlororhynchos A V Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross
Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus pelagicus A MB European Storm Petrel
Swinhoe’s Petrel Oceanodroma monorhis M A V Swinhoe's Storm Petrel
Leach’s Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa leucorhoa A MB, PM Leach's Storm Petrel
Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis glacialis A RB, MB, PM Northern Fulmar
Fea’s OR Desertas Petrel* Pterodroma feae/deserta M A V
Capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata hasitata A V Black-capped Petrel
Scopoli's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea M A V
Cory’s Shearwater Calonectris borealis M A SM
Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea M A PM
Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis M A PM
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus M A MB
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan M A V
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus M A PM
Macaronesian Shearwater Puffinus baroli baroli A d V Barolo Shearwater
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis A RB, MB, HB, WM
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps podiceps? A b V, HB
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena grisegena A b CB, WM
holbollii
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus cristatus A RB, WM
Slavonian Grebe Podiceps auritus auritus A a RB, WM Horned Grebe
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis A a MB or RB, WM, PM
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus mesonauta? A E V
Black Stork Ciconia nigra M A E V
White Stork Ciconia ciconia ciconia A E d FB, SM
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus falcinellis A E d V
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia leucoradia A E a CB, FB, SM Eurasian Spoonbill
Bittern Botaurus stellaris stellaris A a RB, WM Eurasian Bittern
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus M A V
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus minutus A c CB, V
Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax A E* d, f SM Black-crowned Night Heron
Green Heron Butorides virescens ? A V
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides ralloides A V
Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus M A V
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis M A E b CB, SM Western Cattle Egret
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea cinerea A RB, WM
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Not Determined. A V
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea purpurea A b CB, SM
Great White Egret Ardea alba alba A c CB, SM Great Egret
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Not Determined. A V
Little Egret Egretta garzetta garzetta A a RB, PM
Ascension Frigatebird Fregata aquila M A V
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens M A V
Gannet Morus bassanus M A MB, RB, PM Northern Gannet
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Not Determined. A V
Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis aristotelis A RB European Shag
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo carbo A RB, MB Great Cormorant
sinensis RB, PM, WM
Osprey Pandion haliaetus haliaetus A E* a MB, PM Western Osprey
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus percnopterus B D E V
Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus apivorus A a MB, PM
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus M A V Short-toed Snake Eagle
Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga M B V Greater Spotted Eagle
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos M A E a RB
Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus nisus A RB, PM, WM Eurasian Sparrowhawk
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis gentilis A C3 E* a FB, NB Northern Goshawk
atricapillus V
Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus A a RB, MB, PM Western Marsh Harrier
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus M A a RB, MB, HB, PM, WM
Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius M A V
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus M A d V, HB
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus M A a MB, PM
Red Kite Milvus milvus milvus A C3 E* RB, NB, WM, PM
Black Kite Milvus migrans migrans A E b SM
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla M A C3 E a FB, NB, V
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus lagopus A E d WM, PM
Buzzard Buteo buteo buteo A E* RB, PM, WM Common Buzzard
Great Bustard Otis tarda tarda A E* a FB, V
Macqueen's Bustard Chlamydotis macqueenii M A V
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax M A V
Water Rail Rallus aquaticus aquaticus A a RB, PM, WM
Corncrake Crex crex M A E* a MB, PM Corn Crake
Little Crake Porzana parva M A V
Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla intermedia A b CB, V
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana M A a MB, PM
Sora Porzana carolina A a MB, PM
Western Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio A V
Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni M A V
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica M A V
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus M A RB, WM Common Moorhen
Coot Fulica atra M A RB, WM Eurasian Coot
American Coot Fulica americana M A V
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis Not determined A V
Crane Grus grus M A a RB, PM Common Crane
Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus oedicnemus A a MB Eurasian Stone-curlew
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus ostralegus A RB, MB, PM, WM Eurasian Oystercatcher
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus himantopus A b CB, V
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta M A a RB, MB, PM, WM Pied Avocet
Lapwing Vanellus vanellus M A RB, MB, PM, WM Northern Lapwing
Sociable Plover Vanellus gregarius M A V Sociable Lapwing
White-tailed Plover Vanellus leucurus M A V White-tailed Lapwing
Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria M A RB, MB, WM, PM European Golden Plover
Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva M A V
American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica M A SM
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola squatarola A PM, WM
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula hiaticula A RB, MB, PM, WM Common Ringed Plover
tundrae PM, WM
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus M A V
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius curonicus A a MB, PM
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus vociferus A d V
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus A b FB, SM
Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus atrifrons Group: (atrifrons; pamirensis; schaeferi) A V
mongolus Group (mongolus; stegmanni) V
Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii Not Determined A V
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus M A V
Dotterell Charadrius morinellus M A a MB, PM Eurasian Dotterel
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda M A V
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus phaeopus A a MB, PM
“Hudsonian” Whimbrel hudsonicus V
Little Whimbrel Numenius minutus M A V Little Curlew
Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis M B V
Curlew Numenius arquata arquata A RB, MB, PM, WM Eurasian Curlew
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica lapponica A d PM, WM
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa limosa A a MB
islandica MB, PM, WM
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica M A V
Turnstone Arenaria interpres interpres A d CB, PM, WM Ruddy Turnstone
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris M A V
Knot Calidris canutus canutus A PM, WM Red Knot
islandica PM, WM
Ruff Calidris pugnax M A a CB, PM, WM
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus falcinellus A d V
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata M A V
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus M A V
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea M A PM
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii M A b CB, PM
Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta M A V
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis M A V
Sanderling Calidris alba alba A d PM, WM
Dunlin Calidris alpina schinzii A MB, PM, WM
arctica PM
alpina PM, WM
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima M A a CB, PM, WM
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii M A V
Little Stint Calidris minuta M A PM
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla M A V
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis M A SM
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis M A d SM
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos M A d SM
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla M A V
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri M A V
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus M A V
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Not determined A V
Woodcock Scolopax rusticola M A RB, MB, WM, PM Eurasian Woodcock
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus M A d WM, PM
Great Snipe Gallinago media M A d V
Snipe Gallinago gallinago gallinago A RB, MB, WM, PM Common Snipe
faroeensis RB, MB, WM, PM
Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata M A V
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus M A V
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor M A V
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus M A a MB, PM
Grey Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius M A PM Red Phalarope
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos M A MB, PM, WM
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius M A b CB, V
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus M A a CB, PM, WM
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Not Determined A V
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes M A V
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes M A V
Redshank Tringa totanus totanus A RB, MB, PM, WM Common Redshank
robusta PM, WM
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis M A V
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola M A a MB, PM
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus M A PM, WM
Greenshank Tringa nebularia M A a RB, MB, PM, WM Common Greenshank
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca M A V
Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor cursor A V Cream-colored Courser
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola pratincola A V
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum M A V
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni M A V
Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla tridactyla A RB, MB, PM, WM Black-legged Kittiwake
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea M A V
Sabine's Gull Xema sabini M A PM
Slender-billed Gull Chroicocephalus genei M A d V
Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia M A V
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus M A RB, MB, HB, WM. PM
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus M A b CB, PM, WM
Ross's Gull Rhodostethia rosea M A V
Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla Not Determined A V
Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan M A V
Audouin's Gull Ichthyaetus audouinii M A V
Mediterranean Gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus M A a RB, MB, HB, PM, WM
Great Black-headed Gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus M B V Pallas's Gull
Common Gull Larus canus canus A RB, MB, WM, PM Mew Gull
heinei
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis M A b SM
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus M A RB, WM
Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens M A V
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus hyperboreus A b WM, HB
Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides glaucoides A WM
“Kumlien's Gull” kumlieni SM
“Thayer's Gull” thayeri V
Herring Gull Larus argentatus argenteus A RB, HB European Herring Gull
argentatus PM, WM
American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus M A V
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans M A SM
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis michahellis A a CB, HB, PM, WM
atlantis V
Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus M A
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus graellsii A MB, RB, HB, PM
intermedius
fuscus
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica nilotica A b CB, V
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia M A V
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus maximus A V
albididorsalis V
Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis torresii A b V, HB
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis M A MB. HB, PM
Cabot's Tern Thalasseus acuflavidus ? A V
Little Tern Sternula albifrons albifrons A a MB, PM
Least Tern Sternula antillarum Not Determined V
Aleutian Tern Onychoprion aleuticus M A V
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus antarcticus A V
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus M A V
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii dougallii A a MB, PM
Common Tern Sterna hirundo hirundo A MB, PM
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea M A MB, PM
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri M A V
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida hybrida A V
White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus M A SM White-winged Tern
Black Tern Chlidonias niger niger A b FB, CB, PM
surinamensis V
Great Skua Stercorarius skua M A MB, PM
Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus M A PM Pomarine Jaeger
Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus M A a MB. PM Parasitic Jaeger
Long-tailed Skua Stercorarius longicaudus longicaudus A b PM Long-tailed Jaeger
Little Auk Alle alle alle A PM, WM
Brünnich’s Guillemot Uria lomvia Not Determined A V Thick-billed Murre
Guillemot Uria aalge aalge A RB, MB, WM Common Murre
albionis RB, MB, WM
Razorbill Alca torda islandica A RB, MB, WM
torda SM
Great Auk Pinguinus impennis † M B FB
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle arcticus A RB
Long-billed Murrelet Brachyramphus perdix M A V
Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus Not Determined A V
Puffin Fratercula arctica M A MB, RB, PM, WM Atlantic Puffin
Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata M A V
Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus M A CB, V
Rock Dove Columba livia livia A C4 E* RB
Stock Dove Columba oenas oenas A RB, PM, WM
Woodpigeon Columba palumbus palumbus A RB, WM Common Wood Pigeon
Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur turtur A MB, PM European Turtle Dove
Rufous Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis orientalis A V Oriental Turtle Dove
meena V
Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto decaocto A RB Eurasian Collared Dove
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura M A V
Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius M A V
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus M A V
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus M A V
Cuckoo Cuculus canorus canorus A MB, PM Common Cuckoo
Barn Owl Tyto alba alba A RB Western Barn Owl
guttata V
Scops Owl Otus scops scops A d V Eurasian Scops Owl
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus M A E b FB, V
Tawny Owl Strix aluco M A RB
sylvatica
Hawk Owl Surnia ulula ulula A V Northern Hawk Owl
caparoch V
Little Owl Athene noctua vidalii C1 NB
Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius funereus M A V Boreal Owl
Long-eared Owl Asio otus otus A a RB, WM, PM
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus flammeus A a RB, MB, WM, PM
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor minor A V
Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis ruficollis B V
Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus europaeus A MB, PM European Nightjar
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius Not Determined A V
Needle-tailed Swift Hirundapus caudacutus caudacutus A V White-throated Needletail
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica M A V
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba melba A SM
Swift Apus apus apus A MB, PM Common Swift
Pallid Swift Apus pallidus Not Determined A d V
Pacific Swift Apus pacificus M A V
Little Swift Apus affinis Not Determined A V
Roller Coracias garrulus garrulus A V European Roller
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis ispida A RB, MB Common Kingfisher
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon M A V
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus persicus A V
Bee-eater Merops apiaster M A b CB, SM European Bee-eater
Hoopoe Upupa epops epops A b CB SM Eurasian Hoopoe
Wryneck Jynx torquilla torquilla A a FB, CB, SM Eurasian Wryneck
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius M A V
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dryobates minor comminutus A a RB
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major anglicus A RB
major SM
Green Woodpecker Picus viridis viridis A RB European Green Woodpecker
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni M A V
Kestrel Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus A RB, MB, PM, WM Common Kestrel
American Kestrel Falco sparverius sparverius A E V
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus M A SM
Amur Falcon Falco amurensis M A V
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae M A V
Merlin Falco columbarius aesalon A a RB, MB, PM, WM
subaesalon PM, WM
Hobby Falco subbuteo subbuteo A a MB, PM Eurasian Hobby
Gyr Falcon Falco rusticolus M A E d V Gyrfalcon
Peregrine Falco peregrinus peregrinus A E a RB, PM, WM Peregrine Falcon
Ring-necked Parakeet Psittacula krameri borealis / manillensis C1 E* NB Rose-ringed Parakeet
Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe M A V
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens M A V
Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum M A V
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus ? A
Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus cristatus A V
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio M A a FB, CB, PM
Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus isabellinus A V
Red-tailed Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides M A V
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach erythronotus ? A V
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor M A V
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor excubitor A d WM, PM
Steppe (Southern) Grey Shrike Lanius pallidirostris M A E V
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator senator A SM
badius V
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus M A V
Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons M A V
Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus M A V
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus olivaceus A V
Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus M A a MB, PM Eurasian Golden Oriole
Jay Garrulus glandarius rufitergum A RB Eurasian Jay
glandarius SM
Magpie Pica pica pica A RB Eurasian Magpie
Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes caryocatactes A V Spotted Nutcracker
macrorhynchos A V
Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax A E* a RB Red-billed Chough
Jackdaw Coloeus monedula spermologus A RB, WM Western Jackdaw
monedula WM
Rook Corvus frugilegus frugilegus A RB, WM
Carrion Crow Corvus corone corone A RB, WM
Hooded Crow Corvus cornix cornix A RB, WM
Raven Corvus corax corax A RB Northern Raven
Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus garrulus A d WM Bohemian Waxwing
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum M A E V
Coal Tit Periparus ater britannicus A RB
ater PM
Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus scoticus A RB European Crested Tit
cristatus V
mitratus V
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris dresseri A RB
Willow Tit Poecile montanus kleinschmidti A a RB
borealis V
Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus obscurus A RB Eurasian Blue Tit
caeruleus WM
Great Tit Parus major newtoni A RB
major RB, WM
Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus pendulinus A d V Eurasian Penduline Tit
Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus biarmicus A a RB, WM, PM Bearded Reedling
Woodlark Lullula arborea arborea A RB, MB, PM
White-winged Lark Alauda leucoptera M A V
Skylark Alauda arvensis arvensis A RB, PM, WM Eurasian Skylark
Crested Lark Alauda cristata cristata A E V
Shore Lark Eremophila alpestris flava A b CB, WM Horned Lark
Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla Not Determined A d SM Greater Short-toed Lark
Bimaculated Lark Melanocorypha bimaculata Not Determined A V
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra Not Determined A V
Black Lark Melanocorypha yeltoniensis M A V
Lesser Short-toed Lark Alaudala rufescens Not Determined A V
Sand Martin Riparia riparia riparia A MB, PM
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor M A V
Purple Martin Progne subis Not Determined A V
Swallow Hirundo rustica rustica A E MB, PM Barn Swallow
Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris M A V Eurasian Crag Martin
House Martin Delichon urbicum urbicum A MB, HB, PM Common House Martin
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica rufula A d SM, HB
daurica / japonica V
American Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota pyrrhonota ? A V
Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti cetti A a RB, PM
Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus rosaceus A RB
caudatus V
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus trochilus A MB, PM
acredula MB, PM
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita collybita A MB, PM, WM
abietinus PM, WM
tristis SM, WM
?fulvescens? SM, WM
Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus M A d V
Western Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli M A d V
Eastern Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus orientalis M A V
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix M A MB, PM
Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus fuscatus A SM
Radde's Warbler Phylloscopus schwarzi M A SM
Pallas's Warbler Phylloscopus proregulus M A d SM Pallas's Leaf Warbler
Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus M A SM
Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei humei A V Hume's Leaf Warbler
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis ? A V
Green Warbler Phylloscopus nitidus M A V
Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides ? A d SM
Two-barred Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus ? A V Two-barred Warbler
Two-barred Greenish Warbler Phylloscopus tenellipes A V
Eastern Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus coronatus M A V
Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus arundinaceus A d V
Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola M A SM
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus M A MB, PM
Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola ? A V
Blyth's Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum M A d V
Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus scirpaceus A MB, PM Eurasian Reed Warbler
“Caspian” Reed Warbler fuscus V
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris M A a FB, CB, SM
Thick-billed Warbler Iduna aedon Not determined A V
Booted Warbler Iduna caligata M A d V
Sykes's Warbler Iduna rama M A V
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Iduna pallida elaeica A V
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum M A V
Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta M A d SM
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina M A b CB, SM
Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia naevia A MB, PM Common Grasshopper Warbler
Eastern' Grasshopper Warbler straminea (or mongolica?) V
River Warbler Locustella fluviatilis M A d V
Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides luscinioides A a FB, CB, SM
Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata lanceolata? A V
Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler Locustella certhiola rubescens A V
Fan-tailed Warbler Cisticola juncidis Not determined A V Zitting Cisticola
Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla atricapilla A MB, PM, WM Eurasian Blackcap
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin borin A MB, PM
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria ? A PM
Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca curruca A MB, PM
Siberian' Lesser Whitethroat blythi SM
Western Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis hortensis A V
Desert Warbler Sylvia nana M A d V Asian Desert Warbler
Whitethroat Sylvia communis M A MB, PM Common Whitethroat
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata dartfordiensis A a RB
Marmora's Warbler Sylvia sarda M A d V
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata conspicillata? A d V
Western' Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans cantillans A d SM Subalpine Warbler
Eastern' Subalpine Warbler albistriata V
Moltoni's Warbler Sylvia subalpina M A V
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala melanocephala A d V
Rüppell's Warbler Sylvia ruppeli M A V
Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla ignicapilla A a MB, RB, PM, WM Common Firecrest
Goldcrest Regulus regulus regulus A RB, PM, WM
“Shetland” Wren Troglodytes troglodytes zetlandicus A RB Eurasian Wren
“Fair Isle” Wren fridariensis a RB
“Hebridean” Wren hebridensis RB
“St. Kilda” Wren hirtensis a RB
“British Isles” Wren indigenus RB
“Northern” Wren troglodytes WM, PM
Nuthatch Sitta europaea caesia A RB Eurasian Nuthatch
Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis M A V
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria muraria? A V
Treecreeper Certhia familiaris brittanica A RB Eurasian Treecreeper
“Scandinavian” Treecreeper familiaris SM
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla Not determined A a V
Grey Catbird Dumetella carolinensis M A V
Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Not determined A E V
Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum rufum A V
Rose-coloured Starling Pastor roseus M A E SM Rosy Starling
Starling Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris A RB, WM, PM Common Starling
“Shetland” Starling zetlandicus RB
Siberian Thrush Geokichla sibirica Not determined A V
White's Thrush Zoothera aurea aurea A V
Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius Not determined A V
Veery Catharus fuscescens Not determined A V
Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus Not determined A V
Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus Not determined A V
Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus Not determined A V
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina M A V
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus torquatus A MB, PM
Blackbird Turdus merula merula A RB, MB, PM, WM Common Blackbird
Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus M A V
Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis M A V
Red-throated Thrush Turdus ruficollis M A V
Naumann's Thrush Turdus naumanni M A V
Dusky Thrush Turdus eunomus M A V
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris M A a CB, WM, PM
Redwing Turdus iliacus iliacus A a MB or RB, WM, PM
coburni MB WM PM
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos hebridensis A RB, MB
clarkei RB, MB, PM, WM
philomelos PM, WM
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus viscivorus A RB, MB, PM, WM
American Robin Turdus migratorius migratorius A V
Rufous Bush Chat Cercotrichas galactotes galactotes A V Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata striata A MB, PM
Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica dauurica A V Asian Brown Flycatcher
Robin Erithacus rubecula melophilus A MB, PM European Robin
rubecula PM, WM
Siberian Blue Robin Larvivora cyane Not determined A V
Rufous-tailed Robin Larvivora sibilans M A V
“Red-spotted” Bluethroat Luscinia svecica svecica A b CB, PM
“White-spotted” Bluethroat cyanecula b CB, SM
Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia M A d V
Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos megarhynchos A MB, PM Common Nightingale
golzii V
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis M A V
Siberian Rubythroat Calliope calliope ? A V
Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus M A E V
Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca hypoleuca A MB, PM European Pied Flycatcher
sibirica V
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis M A V
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva M A SM
Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla M A V
Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis A a MB, RB, PM, WM
Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus A MB, PM Common Redstart
Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri M A V
Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis M A V Common Rock Thrush
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius Not determined A E V
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra M A MB, PM
Stonechat Saxicola rubicola hibernans A RB, MB European Stonechat
Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus maurus A V
“Caspian” Stonechat variegatus A V
Stejneger's Stonechat Saxicola stejnegeri M A V
Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe A MB, PM Northern Wheatear
“Greenland” Wheatear leucorhoa PM
Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina M A V
Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti deserti A V
homochroa V
oreophila ? atrogularis? V
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica hispanica A V
melanoleuca V
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka M A V
White-crowned Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga Not determined A V White-crowned Wheatear
Dipper Cinclus cinclus hibernicus A RB White-throated Dipper
gularis RB
cinclus V
House Sparrow Passer domesticus domesticus A RB
Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis hispaniolensis ? A V
Tree Sparrow Passer montanus montanus A RB, PM Eurasian Tree Sparrow
Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia Not determined A V
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris collaris A V
Siberian Accentor Prunella montanella A V
Dunnock Prunella modularis hebridium A RB
occidentalis RB
modularis PM, WM
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava flavissima A MB, PM Western Yellow Wagtail
flava b CB, PM
cinereocapilla V
thunbergi CB, PM
feldegg V
iberiae V
Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis ? plexa/tschutchensis/simillima ? A V
Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola Not determined A d V
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea cinerea A RB, PM
Pied Wagtail Motacilla alba yarrellii A MB, RB White Wagtail
“White Wagtail” alba a CB, PM
“Amur Wagtail” leucopsis V
Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi M A SM
Blyth's Pipit Anthus godlewskii M A V
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris M A SM
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis M A MB, RB, PM, WM
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis M A MB, PM
Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni yunnanensis A V
Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi gustavi A V
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus M A SM
Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus rubescens rubescens A V
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta spinoletta A PM, WM
Rock Pipit Anthus petrosus petrosus A RB Eurasian Rock Pipit
littoralis PM, WM
Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs gengleri A RB Common Chaffinch
coelebs WM, PM
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla M A b CB, WM, PM
Evening Grosbeak Hesperiphona vespertina vespertina ? A V
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes coccothraustes A a RB, PM
Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator enucleator A E V
Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula pileata A RB Eurasian Bullfinch
pyrrhula SM
Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus Not determined A E V
Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus erythrinus ? A b CB, SM
Greenfinch Chloris chloris chloris A RB, WM European Greenfinch
Twite Linaria flavirostris pipilans A RB, MB
flavirostris WM
Linnet Linaria cannabina autochthona A MB, RB Common Linnet
cannabina MB, RB, WM, PM
Common (Mealy) Redpoll Acanthis flammea flammea A a CB, WM, PM Common Redpoll
“Greenland” Redpoll rostrata CB, SM
Lesser Redpoll Acanthis cabaret A RB, MB
“Hornemann's” Arctic Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni hornemanni A V
“Coues's” Arctic Redpoll exilipes SM
Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus M A a CB, SM
Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica M A RB
Crossbill Loxia curvirostra curvirostra A RB, MB, WM, PM Red Crossbill
Two-barred Crossbill Loxia leucoptera bifasciata A V
Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis britannica A MB, RB European Goldfinch
Citril Finch Carduelis citrinella M A V
Serin Serinus serinus M A b CB, SM European Serin
Siskin Spinus spinus M A RB, WM, PM Eurasian Siskin
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla aurocapilla A V
Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis M A V
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera M A V
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia M A V
Tennessee Warbler Leiothlypis peregrina M A V
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Not determined A V
Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina M A V ü
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla M A E V ü
Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina M A E V ü
Northern Parula Setophaga americana M A E V ü
Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia M A E V ü
Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea M A V ü
Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca M A V ü
Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia aestiva A V Mangrove/American Yellow Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica M A V ü
Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata M A V ü
Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata M A V Myrtle Warbler
Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla Not determined A V
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus M A V
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula M A E V
Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater ater A V
Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra calandra A RB, PM, WM
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella caliginosa A RB
citrinella RB, PM, WM
Pine Bunting Emberiza leucocephalos M A V
Rock Bunting Emberiza cia cia? A V
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana M A E SM
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia M A V
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus M A a RB
Chestnut-eared Bunting Emberiza fucata fucata A V
Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla M A SM
Yellow-browed Bunting Emberiza chrysophrys M A V
Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica M A SM
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola aureola A E d V
Chestnut Bunting Emberiza rutila M A E V
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala M A E V
Black-faced Bunting Emberiza spodocephala spodocephala A E V
Pallas's Reed Bunting Emberiza pallasi Not determined A V
Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus schoeniclus A RB, PM, WM Common Reed Bunting
Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia Not determined A E V
White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Not determined A E V
White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis M A E V
Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis hyemalis A E V
Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis princeps A V
oblitis? V
Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus grammacus A V
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus erythrophthalmus ? A V
Lapland Bunting Calcarius lapponicus lapponicus (subcalcaratus?) A b CB, PM, WM Lapland Longspur
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis nivalis A a RB, PM, WM
insulae RB, PM, WM
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra rubra? A V
Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea M A V
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus M A V
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea M A V
Totals 613 708 596 8 23 2 88